In the Gregorian calendar, Easter falls on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25 from 1753 to 2400. In the Julian calendar, used by some eastern or Orthodox churches, Easter calendar also falls on a Sunday from March 22 to April 25, which in the Gregorian calendar are from April 3 to May 10 from 1753 to 2400.The March equinox coincides with Easter Sunday and holidays that are related to it. These holidays do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian calendar, or the Julian calendar, which is still used by many Orthodox Christian Easter calendar churches.
The dates of many Christian holidays depend on the Easter calendar. Some of these holidays include:
According to the Bible, Jesus’ death and resurrection occurred around the time of the Jewish Passover, which was celebrated on the first full moon following the vernal equinox.
This soon led to Christians celebrating Easter calendar on different dates. At the end of the 2nd century, some churches celebrated Easter on the day of the Passover, while others celebrated it on the following Sunday.
Earliest Easter Dates from 1753 – 2400
|Gregorian Calendar||Julian Calendar|
|March 22||1761||April 3||1763|
|March 22||1818||April 4||1790|
|March 22||2285||April 4||1847|
|March 22||2353||April 4||1858|
|March 23||1788||April 4||1915|
|March 23||1845||April 4||2010|
|March 23||1856||April 5||1801|
|March 23||1913||April 5||1885|
|March 23||2008||April 5||1896|
|March 23||2160||April 5||1942|
|March 23||2228||April 5||1953|
|March 23||2380||April 5||2037|
|* All Dates are Converted to Gregorian Calendar Dates (Julian Dates)|
Proposed Easter Date Reforms:
There have been a number of suggested reforms for the Easter date. For example, in 1997 the World Council of Churches proposed a reform of the Easter calculation to replace an equation-based method of calculating Easter calendar with direct astronomical observation.
This would have solved the Easter calendar difference between churches that observe the Gregorian calendar and those that observe the Julian calendar. The reform was proposed to be implemented in 2001, but it is not yet adopted.
Another example of a proposed reform occurred in the United Kingdom, where the Easter Act 1928 was established to allow the Easter calendar to be fixed as the first Sunday after the second Saturday in April. However, this law was not implemented, although it remains on the UK Statute Law Database.
When Is Easter 2017:
Easter 2017. Sunday, April 16 Photo by Pēteris.
Easter calendar is a moveable feast and is celebrated on the first Sunday after the first spring full moon. In Western Christianity (including Catholic and Protestant traditions) which uses Gregorian calendar the date of Easter varies between 22 March and 25 April. Eastern Christianity uses the Julian Calendar and for this reason it celebrates Easter about two weeks later, varying between 4 April and 8 May on the Gregorian calendar.
The Apostles celebrated it at the same time when the Jews celebrated their Passover since the resurrection of Jesus took place the day after the celebration of Passover. It was celebrated by the Israelites to commemorate their deliverance from the slavery in Egypt. At the same time fell Jesus’ death and resurrection. The Jews celebrated the Passover on Nisan 14, because that Moses commanded them. The month of Nisan was called the period (30 days) from the new moon in March to the new moon in April.
Easter calendar is not nearly as popular as Christmas, probably because it is more difficult to understand. Easter joins two important events of which the first is deeply sad and dramatic while the other is just the opposite. The first one is, of course, the Crucifixion and Death of Christ after which his body was placed in the tomb. Three days later he Resurrected beating death. Resurrection is a triumph of life and even more astonishing than the miracle of Christ birth.
List of Moveable Feasts Related to Easter
Dates of many of the most important Christian holidays are related to the date of Easter. Below you can find a list of most of them in 2017 year. Please note that some of them are only observed by the Roman Catholic church while other by most of the Christian churches around the world. Their “popularity” also varies from country to country.
|Date||Holiday name||Time left|
|Tuesday, February 28, 2017||Shrove Tuesday (Mardi Gras)||4 weeks & 2 days (30 days)|
|Wednesday, March 1, 2017||Ash Wednesday||4 weeks & 3 days (31 days)|
|Sunday, April 9, 2017||Palm Sunday||10 weeks (70 days)|
|Thursday, April 13, 2017||Maundy Thursday||10 weeks & 4 days (74 days)|
|Friday, April 14, 2017||Good Friday||10 weeks & 5 days (75 days)|
|Sunday, April 16, 2017||Easter||11 weeks (77 days)|
|Monday, April 17, 2017||Easter Monday||11 weeks & 1 day (78 days)|
|Thursday, May 25, 2017||Ascension of Jesus||~ 3 months & 3 weeks (116 days)|
|Sunday, June 4, 2017||Pentecost||~ 4 months (126 days)|
|Thursday, June 15, 2017||Corpus Christi||~ 4 months & 2 weeks (137 days)|
Greek Orthodox Easter Wishes:
In the Orthodox Christian Church, Great Lent and Holy Week are two separate things. Officially, Great Lent ends on the Friday before Palm Sunday, and Holy Week begins the day after that. Each day during Holy Week has a special meaning, and understanding what each day represents can help making attending all those church services a lot more meaningful!
It’s also customary to fast throughout Holy Week. For many, they adhere the same general fasting plan they had during Great Lent. Others make their Holy Week fast a little bit more strict. Talk with your priest so that you can come up with a fasting schedule that best meets your own spiritual needs.
Easter (Pascha in Greek) is the most sacred and most dramatically celebrated religious feast in the context of the Greek Orthodox Church, full of rituals and customs, many of them originated long before the beginning of the Christian era. Those lucky enough to be traveling in Greece during Easter, will experience the rich pageantry and deep religious devotion expressed by the Greeks as, in Orthodox tradition, the faithful lively participate in the events of death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.The preparations for the celebration of the Resurrection start on Holy Thursday, the day that commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus with the Apostles. In the morning, groups of children visit all the neighborhoods of the town, carrying baskets, singing and collecting flowers to decorate the bier of Christ. On that day housewives traditionally will prepare tsourekia (sweet buns resembling brioche) and colored eggs with special red dyes. Since the antiquity, the egg signifies the renewal of life while the red color symbolizes the blood of Christ.
On Easter Saturday morning, preparations start for the festive dinner of the night of the Resurrection and housewives cook mayeritsa a tripe and herbs soup only prepared at this time of the year. Shortly before midnight, people will gather in church holding white candles which they will light with the Holy Light distributed by the priest. When the latter chants Christós Anesti (Christ is risen) the atmosphere will fill with loud noise, roaring cheers, and exploding firecrackers. The people exchange wishes with their lighted candles and the scent of incense and rush home or to their favorite restaurant. With the Holy Light of the candles they thrice make the sign of the cross on the door post over the front door of their houses for good luck. Then they will all gather around the festively laid table to crack the red eggs and feast on the traditional mayeritsa. After the long fast, this soup is soothing to the stomach and a gentle break from the fast.
You can also check out: Easter Tradition Around The World | Easter Celebration